In October 1973, the two countries signed the Agreement on Government Trade; the General Agreement on Development Cooperation was signed in October 1983; the “China-Canada Technical Cooperation Plan” was signed in October 1986; the “Maritime Agreement” was signed in April 1997; The Air Services Agreement was re-signed in September 2005 and the Agreement on Science and Technology was signed in January 2007.
Canada’s environmental protection at the federal, provincial and municipal levels of management. Usually, international environmental affairs are decided by the federal government, and inter-provincial environmental matters are coordinated by the federal government. The Federal Ministry of the Environment assumes the primary responsibility for environmental management, including the protection and promotion of the natural environment in Canada, the protection of renewable resources and the availability of water resources throughout the country, the implementation of border water laws in Canada and the United States, and timely and accurate meteorological forecasts And forecast, coordinate the federal government’s environmental projects and related policies.
The Canadian Labor Code is formulated by the provinces under the leadership of different political parties. Although different, the basic principles are roughly the same. It is important for employers to understand the Labor Code. When an employee is fired, he or she can consult the legal profession about their rights and interests. If the employer fails to comply with the Labor Law, it will be liable to pay compensation. Under such circumstances, the default employer can hardly escape the penalty. Even if a contract was made with an employee, the contract is still invalid if it is unlawful. The Labor Law protects the basic rights of workers through the establishment of basic standards in salary, working hours and holidays.
Canada applies taxation at the federal, provincial and local levels. The federal and provincial governments each have relatively independent tax legislative powers, and local tax legislative powers are vested in the province. Due to the implementation of non-centralization system, the provincial tax policy has the flexibility, provincial tax types, collection methods, balanced taxation and so have some autonomy, but the provincial tax legislative power may not run counter to federal tax legislative power.
Canada is a country with high welfare and high taxation. High taxes tend to discourage foreign and domestic investors, which is not conducive to the development of Canadian economy. The Canadian government is also aware of the adverse impact of high taxes. Therefore, a number of tax incentives have been specially designed to help small businesses and manufacturing industries. Corporate tax preferences in Canada are usually reduced to the normal corporate tax rate, and sometimes even reduced the tax rate by 70%, in order to promote the development of enterprises.
Canadian definition of a business: The business is established under the laws of the Canadian federal or provincial government and is currently operating in Canada; other than the above, businesses operating in Canada that meet the following two conditions may also be considered Canadian Business: Taxable and profitable; Canadian citizens, permanent residents, or Canadian businesses as defined above, own most of the voting and ownership rights of the business; the organization or business is established under the laws of the Canadian federal or provincial government.
The Canadian Investment Code is the only Canadian federal government applicable law governing foreign investment that restricts foreigners’ investment or ownership of certain specific areas and industries in Canada. The Canadian Investment Law stipulates that any foreign investment needs to be filed with the government or governed by the government. Government audits standards more complicated, but mainly depends on the investment project and its amount. For more information about the Canadian Investment Act, go to www.investincanada.gc.ca.